a giant solar panel set on a commercial building roof

In recent years, Ontario has emerged as a leading force in adopting renewable energy, particularly solar power. The province’s commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting sustainable development has resulted in numerous incentives, like the ones outlined by CanBio.ca, and programs encouraging homeowners, businesses, and communities to embrace solar energy solutions.

In this article, we will delve into Ontario solar incentives, exploring the various programs, their benefits, and their impact on the province’s solar energy system landscape.

Feed-in Tariff (FIT) Program

The Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program, launched by the Ontario government in 2009, was a groundbreaking initiative that propelled the growth of solar power in the province. Under this program, eligible participants were offered long-term contracts and guaranteed pricing for the electricity generated from their solar system installations. The FIT program enabled individuals, businesses, and organizations to generate income by selling surplus electricity back to the grid, providing a significant incentive for investing in solar power.

According to the Ontario Power Authority (now the Independent Electricity System Operator), the FIT program installed over 3,000 megawatts (MW) of solar capacity across the province by the end of 2016. This achievement substantially reduced greenhouse gas emissions and created thousands of clean energy jobs in Ontario.

Net Metering Program

black solar panels set up in an open field

Understanding Net Metering – Empowering Consumers and Promoting Solar Energy

Net metering is a critical incentive in Ontario’s solar landscape. It allows homeowners, businesses, and institutions to leverage their solar power systems to generate electricity and offset their energy consumption from the grid. By installing solar panel systems, individuals and organizations can harness the abundant sunlight in the province to produce clean energy. Net metering enables them to send excess electricity generated back to the grid, resulting in a credit on their electricity bills. This system effectively reduces electricity costs and promotes using renewable energy sources.

Reducing Electricity Costs and Enhancing Affordability

One of the primary advantages of net metering is its ability to lower electricity costs for participants. Individuals and organizations can significantly reduce their reliance on grid-supplied power by generating electricity through solar systems. Excess energy produced during sunny periods can be directed back into the grid, effectively offsetting the electricity consumed during less sunny periods. This “energy banking” mechanism allows net metering participants to reduce or eliminate their electricity bills, resulting in substantial savings over time. Net metering enhances electricity affordability for consumers by promoting self-sufficiency and energy independence.

Contributing to a Sustainable Energy Mix and Environmental Benefits

Net metering is crucial in advancing Ontario’s transition to a more sustainable energy mix. By allowing individuals and organizations to generate their electricity from solar power systems, net metering helps to reduce the province’s reliance on fossil fuels for electricity generation. In addition, the excess clean energy injected into the grid contributes to a more diversified energy portfolio and supports the integration of renewable energy sources into the existing power infrastructure.

Furthermore, net metering’s promotion of solar energy aligns with Ontario’s commitment to mitigating climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. By adopting solar panel systems and generating clean electricity, net metering participants actively contribute to reducing carbon emissions associated with traditional fossil fuel-based electricity generation. This environmentally friendly approach helps combat climate change and fosters a more sustainable future for Ontario and beyond.

Growth and Popularity of Net Metering in Ontario

Net metering has gained significant traction and popularity in Ontario, showcasing the growing interest and adoption of solar energy systems. As per the Ontario Energy Board, over 13,000 net metering projects were installed in the province by 2020. These projects collectively generate approximately 170 MW of clean energy, underscoring the substantial contribution of net metering to Ontario’s sustainable energy objectives.

The rising number of net metering installations signifies the attractiveness and advantages of this solar incentive for homeowners, businesses, and institutions. In addition, with advancements in solar technology, the cost of solar panel systems has become more affordable, making net metering an appealing option for those seeking to embrace renewable energy and reduce their carbon footprint.

Moreover, net metering aligns with Ontario’s focus on energy efficiency upgrades. Individuals and organizations can optimize energy usage and enhance environmental impact by combining solar panel systems with energy efficiency measures. Net metering enables participants to generate clean electricity and maximize the efficiency of their overall energy consumption.

The growth and popularity of net metering in Ontario reflect the province’s commitment to sustainable energy practices. With continued advancements in solar technology and supportive policies, net metering will continue its upward trajectory, contributing to Ontario’s transition towards a greener and more resilient energy future.

GreenON Solar Rebates

The Green Ontario Fund (GreenON) introduced the GreenON Solar Rebates program to encourage homeowners in Ontario to install solar panel systems. This initiative aimed to make solar power more accessible by offering financial incentives to offset the upfront costs associated with solar panel installations. However, in 2018, the GreenON program was discontinued. Despite its discontinuation, the legacy of this initiative continues to inspire other incentives and subsidies in the province, promoting the adoption of solar panel systems and sustainable energy practices.

The GreenON Solar Rebates program catalyzed homeowners to embrace solar power and reduce reliance on traditional energy sources. In addition, providing financial incentives helped offset the initial investment required for installing solar panel systems, making them more financially feasible for homeowners. While the program may no longer be active, its impact resonates, encouraging the development of similar initiatives to promote solar panel system installation and advancing renewable energy in Ontario.

Municipal and Local Incentives

In addition to the wide range of provincial-level incentives, several municipalities and local authorities across Ontario have implemented their solar programs to promote the adoption of renewable energy systems, including solar power systems. These initiatives aim to incentivize individuals and businesses to embrace clean energy and contribute to a more sustainable future.

These municipal and local incentives often encompass various measures such as financial incentives, grants, tax breaks, and streamlined permit processes specifically designed to support the installation of solar power systems. As a result, they make it easier and more affordable for homeowners and businesses to invest in solar panel systems, ultimately encouraging the transition to renewable energy sources.

One notable example of a local incentive program is the City of Toronto’s Home Energy Loan Program (HELP). Through HELP, homeowners can access low-interest loans to finance energy-efficient home improvements, which include solar installations. This initiative provides financial assistance for the upfront costs associated with solar power systems and promotes the overall energy efficiency of homes in Toronto.

The availability of municipal and local incentives plays a crucial role in driving the adoption of solar power systems across Ontario. These programs empower individuals and organizations to embrace renewable energy sources, reduce their reliance on fossil fuels, and contribute to a greener and more sustainable energy landscape.

Educational Initiatives

To further support the growth of solar energy in Ontario, educational initiatives have been established to provide training and information to individuals and businesses interested in any solar power system. For example, institutions like the Solar Academy at CanSIA (Canadian Solar Industries Association) offer courses and workshops on solar design, solar panel installation, and maintenance. These programs empower individuals with the knowledge and skills required to participate in the province’s solar energy industry.

Impact and Future Outlook

a closeup of a building roof with solar panels and a sky background

Ontario’s various solar incentives and programs have significantly impacted the province’s renewable energy landscape. According to the Government of Ontario, as of 2020, solar energy accounted for over 3% of the province’s electricity supply. This achievement reflects the success of the incentives in promoting solar installations and diversifying Ontario’s energy sources.

Furthermore, the solar industry’s growth has created thousands of clean energy jobs in Ontario, stimulating economic growth and driving innovation in the renewable energy sector; According to a report by the Canadian Solar Industries Association (CanSIA), the solar industry in Ontario employing over 7,500 people in 2019, which will continue growing in the coming years.

Adopting solar power has also contributed to a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. For example, the Government of Ontario estimates that solar energy installations in the province have reduced emissions by approximately 1.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent annually. This reduction aligns with the province’s commitment to combat climate change and achieve its greenhouse gas reduction targets.

Looking to the future, Ontario remains committed to the continued growth of solar energy. The government continues to explore new initiatives and incentives to encourage solar installations, improve solar system affordability, and promote solar technology development. The focus is on fostering a sustainable and resilient energy system that reduces dependence on fossil fuels, creates green jobs, and supports the province’s long-term environmental goals.


Ontario’s solar incentives have played a pivotal role in driving the adoption of solar energy throughout the province. The Feed-in Tariff (FIT) program, net metering, and municipal incentives have provided individuals, businesses, and communities with the means to harness clean and renewable energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and creating green jobs.

Although the GreenON Solar Rebates program has been discontinued, its impact has paved the way for other incentives and subsidies. Moreover, educational initiatives have empowered individuals with the knowledge and skills required to participate in Ontario’s solar energy industry, further promoting sustainable practices and fostering innovation.

As Ontario continues to prioritize renewable energy and sustainable development, the future of solar power looks promising. The province’s commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, creating green jobs, and building a resilient energy system sets a positive trajectory for a future powered by clean and renewable energy sources. With ongoing support and innovative initiatives, Ontario is well-positioned to expand its solar capacity further and solidify its reputation as a leader in renewable energy adoption.

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